Laparoscopic surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery, makes use of small incisions and thin, long handled instruments to perform medical procedures. First, the surgeon pumps carbon dioxide gas into the surgical area. Then the incisions are made (each incision is usually .5 inch to 1 inch wide). A small camera is inserted in one incision to provide a visual guide, while thin instruments are inserted in the other openings.
Laparoscopic surgery usually requires less recovery time and causes fewer complications than traditional open surgery. Patients also report less pain and difficulty resuming daily activities after laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is applied in a number of surgical specialties including bariatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, cardiology and general surgery.Previous Page Last Review Date: January 8, 2018