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Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It means that the body can’t make or use insulin properly. Patients usually experience the onset of type 2 diabetes in middle age, but doctors are seeing more of it in severely overweight children. Some people have a hereditary predisposition for diabetes. Excess weight and physical inactivity are also risk factors.

Some people show no signs of diabetes, which is why annual blood sugar checks are important. Symptoms may include: frequent bladder and skin infections that don’t heal easily; high levels of sugar in the blood when tested; high levels of sugar in the urine when tested; unusual thirst; frequent urination; weight loss despite an increase in appetite; blurred vision; nausea and vomiting; extreme weakness and fatigue; irritability and mood changes; dry, itchy skin; and tingling or loss of feeling in the hands or feet.

The goal of diabetes treatment is to keep blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. Often, type 2 diabetes can be controlled through weight loss, improved nutrition, and exercise alone. However, in some cases, other treatments like oral or injectable insulin or other medications may be needed.

Previous Page Last Review Date: January 5, 2018