Metabolic syndrome includes the presence of several risk factors that significantly raise the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease and stroke. The risk factors include: abdominal obesity, when the waist circumference measures more than 35 inches for women and more than 40 inches for men; high blood pressure; abnormal fasting glucose results; high triglycerides and high cholesterol. When three of these factors are present in one patient, he or she has metabolic syndrome.
The causes of metabolic syndrome are complex because of the number of factors that can influence each risk factor. In general, those with a BMI greater than 25, African-American and Mexican American heritage, stress, alcohol use, and a sedentary lifestyle are at a greater risk.
Metabolic syndrome increases the chances of developing more serious, chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Other conditions that may develop as a result of metabolic syndrome include polycystic ovarian syndrome, fatty liver, cholesterol gallstones, asthma, sleep disturbances, and some forms of cancer.
Treatment for metabolic syndrome focuses on the predominant risk factors displayed in each patient. Medications can be used to control cholesterol and blood pressure. Important lifestyle changes like adopting a healthy diet and exercise program help as well. Tenet Florida Physicians Services doctors create a specific plan for each patient to address their specific health risks.Previous Page Last Review Date: January 5, 2018