High Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is the natural force of blood pushing against the artery walls when your heart beats. The pressure as the heart contracts is called the systolic pressure, while the pressure when the heart relaxes is called the diastolic pressure. That’s why a blood pressure measurement includes two numbers.
Normal blood pressure is around 120 systolic/80 diastolic, or 120/80. Prehypertension is 120 to 139 systolic or 80 to 89 diastolic. Stage 1 of hypertension (high blood pressure) is 140 to 159 systolic or 90 to 99 diastolic. Stage 2 of hypertension is 160 or higher systolic or 100 or higher diastolic. If systolic pressure is higher than 180 or diastolic pressure is above 110, the patient is in crises and needs immediate medical attention.
Regular blood pressure measurements help track blood pressure and reveal upward trends that may need intervention. Since high blood pressure rarely has noticeable symptoms, blood pressure testing is often the only way to discover hypertension.
After your Tenet Florida Physicians Services doctor diagnoses high blood pressure, he or she will outline a number of actions to bring blood pressure back to normal. These actions may include medication, increased exercise, weight loss, smoking cessation, diet changes, limiting alcohol, and managing stress.Previous Page Last Review Date: January 5, 2018